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A data exchange agreement is a formal contract that clearly documents what data is disclosed and how the data can be used. Such an agreement has two objectives. First, it protects the authority that provides the data and ensures that the data is not misused. Confidentiality and disclaimers: there must be a disclaimer covering the accuracy of the data, as well as a description of the data and the corresponding metadata. In addition, a declaration regarding the disclosure of information to third parties is required. This is necessary because a non-federal authority may not be able to protect USGS information from disclosure, and vice versa, because USGS may be forced to disclose information as part of a foia request if no waiver applies. Data exchange agreements must include access and dissemination provisions. It is not advisable to enter into a data exchange agreement in which data protection information can be disclosed, as non-federal organizations are not subject to the Data Protection Act. Similarly, the non-federal organization should be advised that federal authorities may be required to disclose information under the BLA. The USGS should not share or exchange records or data that are: it is important to recognize that the process of setting up data exchange agreements differs from country to country, as well as the nature of the data that is shared and the agencies that share the data. Data exchange agreements protect against data misuse and promote early communication between agencies on data processing and use issues.

Below, you`ll find a list of items that are usually included in a data sharing agreement. While this list may cover the databases, additional concerns may be relevant to a data set or supplier agency. Data exchange is an important way to improve the ability of researchers, scientists and policy makers to analyze data and translate it into meaningful reports and knowledge. Data sharing avoids duplication in data collection and fosters differences in mentality and cooperation, as others are able to use the data to answer questions that initial data collectors may not have taken into account. “One of the challenges of the territorial community is to promote data exchange and cooperation between several agencies and organizations at several levels of public, private and associative organizations. The interchangeable and successfully collaborating field of interchangeable data is based on the adoption of guiding principles, the identification of best practices and the recognition of challenges that may include political, scientific and technological issues. (National Geospatial Advisory Committee, 2011) Data exchange agreements are formal contracts detailing the data disclosed and the data used for the data. If the partner is a foreign unit that does not accept compliance with U.S. law, the agreements must go through the USGS Office of International Programs.

Data exchange also promotes accountability and transparency, allowing researchers to validate each other`s results. Finally, data from multiple sources can often be combined to allow comparisons across national and departmental boundaries. Ideally, these additional concerns should be taken into account in the data exchange agreement, in order to facilitate clear communication and, if necessary, provide additional safeguards: an agreement on data exchange is an agreement between a party with useful data (the discloser) and a party that seeks data for research (the recipient) under which the public undertakes to share its data with the recipient. These could be two universities that agree to share data for research cooperation, one or more private companies active in