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In general, the credit risk associated with pension transactions depends on many factors, including the terms of the transaction, the liquidity of the security, the specifics of the counterparties concerned and much more. A use agreement where the parties can enter into transactions in which a party (a “seller”) agrees to transfer securities or other assets against the transfer of funds by the buyer to the other (a “buyer”), with the buyer`s agreement to transfer those securities to the seller on a date or on demand against the transfer of funds by the seller. Although the transaction is similar to a loan and its economic effect is similar to a loan, the terminology is different from that of the loans: the seller legally buys the securities from the buyer at the end of the loan period. However, an essential aspect of rest is that they are legally recognized as a single transaction (important in the event of a counterparty`s insolvency) and not as a transfer and redemption for tax purposes. By structuring the transaction as a sale, a repot provides lenders with significant protection against the normal functioning of U.S. bankruptcy laws, such as. B automatic suspension and prevention of provisions. Deposits with a specified maturity date (usually the next day or the following week) are long-term repurchase contracts. A trader sells securities to a counterparty with the agreement that he will buy them back at a higher price at a given time. In this agreement, the counterparty receives the use of the securities for the duration of the transaction and receives interest that is indicated as the difference between the initial selling price and the purchase price.

The interest rate is set and interest is paid at maturity by the trader. A repo term is used to invest cash or financial investments when the parties know how long it will take them. An inverted repo is simply the same buyout contract from the buyer`s point of view, not the seller`s. Therefore, the seller executing the transaction would call it a “repo,” whereas in the same transaction, the buyer would refer to it as a “reverse repo.” “Repo” and “Reverse repo” are therefore exactly the same type of transaction that is described only from opposite angles. The term “reverse-repo and sale” is commonly used to describe the creation of a short position on a debt security in which the buyer immediately sells on the open market the guarantee provided by the seller as part of the repurchase transaction. At the time of the count, the buyer acquires the corresponding guarantee on the open market and the pound to the seller. In the case of such a short transaction, the buyer expects the corresponding warranty to decrease between the rest date and the billing date. The University of Manhattan. “Buyout Contracts and the Law: How Legislative Amendments Fueled the Housing Bubble,” page 3. Access on August 14, 2020. For the party that sells security and agrees to buy it back in the future, it is a repo; for the party at the other end of the transaction, the purchase of the warranty and the consent to sell in the future, it is a reverse buyback contract. Despite the similarities with secured loans, deposits are actual purchases.

However, since the purchaser only temporarily owns the guarantee, these agreements are often considered loans for tax and accounting purposes. In the event of bankruptcy, pension investors can, in most cases, sell their assets. This is another difference between pension credits and secured loans; For most secured loans, bankrupt investors would automatically go bankrupt. When state-owned central banks buy back securities from private banks, they do so at an updated interest rate, called a pension rate. Like policy rates, pension rates are set by central banks. The repo-rate system allows governments to control the money supply within economies by increasing or decreasing available resources. A reduction in pension rates encourages banks to resell securities for cash to the state. This increases the money supply available to the general economy.