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(b) by agreement between the employer and the worker, at least that specified in Tables 1 to 2 for each hour or part of an hour worked by the worker. (1) Despite paragraphs 11(1)(a), 11(2) and 12, an employee`s normal hours of work and overtime over a period of up to four months may be averaged within the meaning of a written agreement. Contrary to trends in many countries, at European level social partner organisations representing retail are stronger than in many other sectors, and there is a long and remarkable history of social dialogue at this level. (6) If an employer is required to provide an employee with a second meal interval because of overtime worked, that interval may be reduced to at least 15 minutes by appointment. However, such mechanisms disappear in some cases. In the United Kingdom, retail wage councils set minimum wage rates and other conditions of employment until the late 1970s, and collective bargaining at industry and company level focused mainly on implementing and improving these recommendations. However, sectoral collective bargaining ended in the late 1980s and collective bargaining at company level was significantly eroded when the scope and activities of wage councils were first restricted (1980s) and eventually abolished (1993). Although in the Netherlands the process of collective bargaining in the retail sector is much more robust, legal mechanisms complemented collective agreements until recently. Unusually in the Dutch context, the wages and conditions of employers and employees in the retail trade not covered by a company or sub-sector agreement were covered by a regulation issued by a joint employers` confederation for the retail trade (Hoofdbedrijfschap Retail Trade), which was founded in the 1950s when attempts were made to give the Dutch economy a “corporatist” structure. n.

Emphasize full cooperation between employers and employees. However, this mechanism was abolished in mid-2004. Organizations must now join an industry collective agreement, negotiate a company agreement, or create their own wage and condition regulations. Another feature of retail trade is the large wage gap between women and men, which is due to the high proportion of women in part-time employment and their concentration on jobs of subaltible status. .